[7] See, for example, Louis Ginsberg, The Legends of the Jews(trans. Please support us. Something went wrong while submitting the form. He had someone entrusted to his care just as our children are given to us. As Josephus has not had the same effect on popular culture as the Vulgate, it seems likely that the Jewish sources that describe Mordechai as Esther’s uncle may have been influenced by the Catholic version of the biblical text, though they are probably not aware of this. Don’t miss the latest essays from TheTorah.com. What Was Esther's Relationship to Mordechai? Many of them, in fact, preferred to remain in Babylon and elsewhere, having built lives for themselves. It can be difficult to know how to remain separate from the world and yet engaged with the world, but we should regularly examine our thoughts, motives, and actions to make sure we have not become worldly people but remain faithful servants of Christ. [5] Tosafot noted that this spelling occurs elsewhere. Haman plots to kill the Jews - Esther 2:19 - 3:15. When he learns of the edict against the Jews, he encourages Esther to confront the king. The Jewish people are rescued and delivered - Esther 8:1 - 9:19. Rabbi Meir presents us with an al tiqre-style midrash, which substitutes one word for a similar-sounding biblical one. Esther 2:15 Now Esther was the daughter of Abihail, the uncle from whom Mordecai had adopted her as his own daughter. The relationship of Esther and Mordecai as cousins is evidenced by the identification of Esther in 2:7 as the daughter of Mordecai's uncle and as the daughter of the brother of Mordecai's father. The Festival of Purim was established by Mordecai to remind Jewish people how they were saved by Queen Esther and Mordecai from extermination. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Regarding the Present in Light of the Future, Show Me Your Glory: Understanding the Majestic Splendor of God, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. Both of them have names most likely related to Persian gods—Marduk for Mordecai and Ishtar for Esther—indicating a certain willingness on the part of their families to blend in with the Persians. Ostensibly, that should close the matter, but as almost anyone who has visited a school at Purim time (or has discussed the matter with his children or grandchildren) knows, it is not that simple. Mordecai would not bow to Haman. It is unknown if Mordecai had a family of his own, but he did adopt Esther, his cousin, as his own daughter when her parents died and left her an orphan. // Javascript URL redirection Esther 4:10-17 NLT. That does not excuse their lack of fidelity to the law, but it does remind us that the Lord can use all things to bring about good for His people. Mordecai was a human being just like us. Leviticus 20:24Ezekiel 36John 17:15–191 John 2:15–17. Thankfully, the king held out his scepter. In fact, a common word for “wife” in the Talmud’s Aramaic is “דביתהו,” meaning “of his house.” The second generation Amora Yossi ben Chalafta, actually sites this as “good practice” (Ruth Rabba, parasha 2): B. First published in Tabletalk Magazine, an outreach of Ligonier. 1:11; Dan. To support this reading, the Talmud sites Nathan’s parable of the poor man with his pet sheep, which he allowed to sleep in his “bosom” and treated like a “daughter.” The Talmud says that this must be a euphemism, since wives, not daughters, sleep in men’s “bosoms.” Hence we see that the word בת can refer to a wife. Esther 3:1-6 says, “After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman … and advanced him and set his throne above all the officials who were with him. This was true over the centuries that followed as control of the land of Judah passed from the Persians to the Greeks to the Romans. Mordecai reports the plot to Esther, and the queen passes the intelligence on to Xerxes. And what is your request, up to half the kingdom? For permissions, view our Copyright Policy. (Esther 4:13 –14). [6] If they were married, did they get divorced? He believed that Esther was the one to make it happen. Mordecai was not afraid to tell Esther the hard truth and challenge her to care. So Esther, Mordecai, and the Jewish people fasted and prayed. in all its fullness to as many people as possible. 20 Esther had not made known her kindred or her people, as Mordecai had commanded her, for Esther obeyed Mordecai just as when she was brought up by him. Esther 4 Contemporary English Version (CEV) Mordecai Asks for Esther’s Help. The Vulgate is the standard biblical text used by Catholics, and thus in the Catholic tradition Esther is described as Mordechai’s niece. We encounter Mordecai and his cousin Esther for the first time in today’s passage. The author also tells us that Esther, under the direction of Mordecai, was careful not to reveal “her kindred or her people” (Est. Hello, Jewish guilt. Re: Mordecai and Esther's relationship It does indeed mean that they were cousins, but the commentators also note that when the Megillah states that Mordechai "took her to him as a 'bat' [daughter]" it actually means to say "bayit"--as in "home"--meaning that he married her and they built a home together. Because he … Marcus includes this note: Marcus includes no references, so it is unclear to what he is referring. 1. Thus, to a listener, Mordechai taking Esther le-bat could have carried either or both of these meanings.[6]. circa 1845 Albert Henry Payne. The building is believed to hold the tombs of Esther and Mordechai, the heroes of the Jewish Purim story, in which they frustrate plans by a Persian viceroy to destroy the Jewish community there. PART ONE: "The Marriage of Esther" King Abasueris, who is now generally understood to have been Xerxes, and who ruled over India and its provinces about B.C. 6:14–18). Haman asked to destroy the Jews. In spoken Hebrew, the modern state often is rendered as Isra’el (initialaleph), as it is in Arabic; the assassinated Prime Minister was known as Itzhak Rabin, not Yitzhak; etc. She knew she may die. Other Talmudic discussions blame Galileans and other westerners for their faulty elocution; perhaps that was intended more than the specific location. No traditional rabbinic text claims that Mordechai was Esther’s uncle, but the idea has both popular currency[7] and support in early texts. Mordecai had a specific vision of Esther saving all of the Jewish people. He believed that God’s plan was to rescue the Jews one way or another. Academic Study of the Torah Is Essential, Not Just for Academics, Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship, By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. The Greek text of the Book of Esther states that Mordecai was not “motivated by impertinence, conceit or show” (Esther 13:12 TIB, Greek text). Esther and Mordecai take action - Esther 4:1 - 5:14. Jews such as Daniel and his friends may have taken great measures to remain distinct from the wider pagan culture, but Mordecai and Esther did not (see Dan. Launched Shavuot 5773 / 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, All Rights Reserved. But, Esther revealing that she was a Jew too soon might have hindered he move toward prominence. And was Mordechai Esther’s adoptive father or even her husband? Prof. B. Barry Levy is Emeritus Professor of Jewish and Biblical Studies at McGill University in Montreal. Furious, Haman sought a way to avenge himself for what he took as a slight. Let’s see how this came about. https://thetorah.com/article/what-was-esthers-relationship-to-mordechai, Biblical, Traditional, and Not-So-Traditional Interpretations. Uprooting the Inclination of Idolatry . And if one interprets Esther 2:5-6 as meaning Mordecai was the one taken captive by Jehoiachin, as some believe, which happened in 597 B.C., then Astyages fits this king very well since Esther 1:3 states that the events happened in the kings third year. A Plot Against The King. Moreover, when King Ahasuerus was looking for a queen to replace the deposed Vashti, both Mordecai and Esther were not afraid to put Esther in the running (Est. King approved Chapter# 4 – Mordecai asked Esther to plead with the king. script type="text/javascript"> [1] The piece was written by Barry Levy then expanded and adapted for TABS by Zev Farber with the author’s permission. 2:1–11). 2:12–18). Esther and Mordechai  Medium steel engraving. Esther’s uncle, Mordecai, appears first as an adoptive father, whose solicitude for Esther leads him to the king’s gate, where he foils a plot to assassinate the king. script>, Punishing Children for the Sins of their Parents. In Esther 3:1-5, the plot of the story starts to unfold. God providentially used their sinful decisions to set them up for the rescue of the Jews. 4 [4] This leads to some confusion between third-person and first-person verb forms, but it is fairly widespread. The Feast of Lots is instituted - Esther 9:30-32. Mordecai and Haman in the Life of Esther. The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. He helped protect the king by exposing a plot against his life, telling it to her cousin Esther who in turn relayed it to the king. 2:48). Mordecai and Esther were among those who did so. Mordecai sent a message to Esther and it said, "for if you remain completely silent at this time, relief and deliverance will arise for the jews from another place, but you and your Father's house will perish. Esther 2:19 tells us that Mordecai served "within the king's gate." While many Jews were intent on preserving their Jewish identity, others were not. When we look at the Dead Sea Scrolls, early texts from approximately the same time as the writing of the Megillah, we see the term rovused as “the community,” not “the majority.” Perhaps, then, the meaning of the phrase is actually “liked by the community of his people.”. “Esther had not made known her kindred or her people, as Mordecai had commanded her, for Esther obeyed Mordecai just as when she was brought up by him” (v. 20). Biblical proper names beginning with the letter, Ancient Samarian ostraca spell “wine” as ין, In various targumim we also find third-person imperfect verb forms that are spelled with initial. If not, did Esther commit adultery by marrying Achashverosh? Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. Directed by Louis Feuillade. God used Queen Esther and her cousin Prime Minister Mordecai to save the Jewish people from being exterminated while under the rule of the Persian Empire. 521, is recorded to have cast aside his wife and directs that it be heralded throughout the domain that he is in search of a new spouse. It shall be granted you. Esther 4:13-14 tells us of that story. Mordecai Exhorts Esther. This issue has been explored in some depth by Ari Zivotofsky in an English article for Jewish Action called, “Tzarich Iyun: Mordechai and Esther,” and in a Hebrew article on the Bar Ilan website called “על מרדכי ואסתר”. Please consider supporting TheTorah.com. Mordecai informed Esther of law and advised her to speak with the king. It was also Mordecai who uncovered a plot to kill the king, and it was Mordecai who revealed the wicked Hamans plan to exterminate the Jewish people to Esther which saved the people. Nevertheless, when we comb through rabbinic texts, we can see that many medieval rabbis (even some Ashkenazim) made use of “non-traditional” sources,[9]including the Septuagint, the Peshitta, the Apocrypha, and, yes, even the Vulgate. Mordecai refused to bow down before him; and Haman, being stung to the quick by the conduct of Mordecai, resolved to accomplish his death in a wholesale destruction of the Jewish exiles throughout the Persian empire ( Esther 3:8-15). Esther was born at a time when Israel was in captivity as a consequence to their disobedience to God. 2:20). Both of them have names most likely related to Persian gods—Marduk for Mordecai and Ishtar for Esther—indicating a certain willingness on the part of their families to blend in with the Persians. "According to the Semitic custom, the most suitable wife was a cousin on the father's side, which was the relation Esther was to Mordecai." [2] In some cases this still happens in modern times. 2:5), a position not inherently forbidden to God’s people given that many others, including Joseph, Daniel, and Nehemiah rose to prominence in foreign states (Gen. 41:39–43; Neh. CHAPTER 4. Esther 10:3 describes Mordechai as ratzui le-rov ehav, understood classically to mean that he was preferred or liked by the majority of his people. The life of Mordecai might seem secondary in the extraordinary story of Esther in the Bible, but Mordecai was more than just her uncle who welcomed her as his own daughter. (Esther 3:6, JPS) While Mordecai did know ahead that this would happen with Haman, he evidently knew Haman would be a problem for the Jews and knew Esther's place of prominence could protect them. Mordecai knew this (Esther 4:14). “Esther is the only hope,” Dunne argues, “and there is nothing to suggest that Mordecai has any belief that God may indeed act to overcome the Jewish plight.” Esther’s fasting (and prayer?) window.location.replace(""); It was his urging which put her into competition to become the new queen. Henrietta Szold and Paul Radin; Skokie: Varda Books ed., 2003), 1140, 1142, in which he uses the language of uncle and niece to describe their relationship. When she was orphaned, Mordechai adopted her. Donate Now. Were they cousins or uncle and niece? Mordecai was Esther's adoptive father, mentor, confidante, cheerleader, and fellow leader to stand for the rights of their Jewish community. (Esther 2:21-23) Although his act that saved the king's life was recorded, Mordecai was not rewarded for it. And when it was her turn to go to the king, she did not ask for anything except what Hegai, the king's trusted official in charge of the harem, had advised. [8] The above is Ralph Marcus’s translation from the Loeb edition. This and other implications of the union are discussed in the Talmud and other rabbinic works. Specifically, certain pieces of evidence point us to the probability that in many dialects of Hebrew (and Aramaic) the yod was actually pronounced more like the glottal stop (a slight throat click) of an aleph than as an English Y. Then Esther went before the king. Mordecai and Esther were among those who did so. 2 But he could go only as far as the palace gate, because no one wearing sackcloth was allowed inside the palace. Another tradition first recorded during the Middle Ages places the graves of Esther and Mordechai in the Galilean archaeological site of Kfar Bar'am, close to the kibbutz of the same name, Bar'am, along Israel's northern border with Lebanon. Esther is described in all versions of the Book of Esther as the Jewish queen of a Persian king Ahasuerus. God uses ordinary people. She was scared. A. Mordecai and King Xerxes are revered - Esther 9:30-32. What was the biological relationship between Esther and Mordechai? He had a normal, mundane job that he apparently held diligently. Fix that problem! 19 Now when the virgins were gathered together the second time, Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate. 2 And on the second day, () at the banquet of wine, the king again said to Esther, “What is your petition, Queen Esther? But his and Esther’s willingness to compromise by having Esther marry Ahasuerus was clearly contrary to God’s law (Est. [9] E.g., Saadiah, Hai, Ibn Ezra, Rambam, Ibn Aknin, Ramban, and many others. 34:12–16). They faced the persistent temptation to adopt the beliefs and customs of the nations into which they had been dispersed. The same interpretation appears in Jerome’s Latin translation (the Vulgate), which says that Esther was the daughter of Mordechai’s brother (filiae fratris) in 2:7 and similarly refers to Avichayil, Esther’s father, as Mordechai’s brother (Abiahil fratris Mardochei). 1). True, the words bat and bayyit don’t sound all that alike, but it may be that a phonetic variant is at work undergirding this midrash. He regularly teaches Bible, the History of Jewish Interpretation of the Bible, and a course on Jewish, Christian and Muslim scriptures and their interpretations. We rely on the support of readers like you. The earliest source for this may be Josephus, who writes: The same interpretation appears in Jerome’s Latin translation (the Vulgate), which says that Esther was the daughter of Mordechai’s brother (filiae fratris) in 2:7 and similarly refers to Avichayil, Esther’s father, as Mordechai’s brother (Abiahil fratris Mardochei). Thus, bat and bayyit may have been phonetically equivalent to the authors of the midrash, perhaps even sounding identical. Oops! This show both his keen sense of responsibility and his compassion. Did Israel Celebrate Their Freedom While Owning Slaves? He was an average man who led an above-average life because God was in all his thoughts. The would-be assassins are stopped, and Mordecai’s name is recorded in the king’s chronicles as the one who took action to preserve the king’s life. 1 When Mordecai learned all that was happening, he tore his garments, put on sackcloth and ashes, and went through the city crying out loudly and bitterly, a 2 till he came before the royal gate, which no one clothed in sackcloth might enter. Mordecai, by his actions, in a way was witnessing among these pagans about the true God. In the spirit of using outside sources, allow me to share achiddush of my own. Why, at this time of success, he should not have earned everyone’s respect bothered many commentators, and numerous explanations have been offered. God used both Mordecai and Esther in a powerful way to deliver the Jewish people from obliteration. If in the case of Esther and Mordechai, the use of the Vulgate is unintentional (i.e., picked up unconsciously from the surrounding culture, perhaps as a consequence of the age disparity between them). Mordecai saved Xerxes’ life Chapter# 3 – Haman promoted by the king. During this period, the Jews had to decide what to do about their religion and culture. We encounter Mordecai and his cousin Esther for the first time in today’s passage. Esther was chosen as queen. cai is second only to the king in power. 4 When Mordecai heard about the letter, he tore his clothes in sorrow and put on sackcloth. The book ends with Mordecai as the king’s chief minister. In the narrative, Ahasuerus seeks a new wife after his queen, Vashti, refuses to obey him, and Esther is chosen for her beauty.The king's chief adviser, Haman, is offended by Esther's cousin and guardian, Mordecai, and gets permission from the king to have all the Jews in the kingdom killed. Mordecai was hated by Haman, an Agagite who held a prominent office in the kingdom. With Renée Carl, Léonce Perret, Madeleine Roch, Alice Tissot. Mordecai, a Jew—following the commandment against idolatry—refused to bow down to Haman, a mere man. Mordecai is honored; Haman is executed - Esther 6:1 - 7:10. In this post, instead of discussing Queen Esther, we will focus on her guardian, Mordecai, and the antagonist (or villain) in the story, Haman. He heard her case and granted her requests. Mordecai was an official in the Persian government (Est. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God Then he covered his head with ashes and went through the city, crying and weeping. Est 4:13-14 TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. I suggest that the phrase has been misunderstood. Nevertheless, as we will see, this ended up putting Esther in a place where she could save God’s people. Haman Hanged Instead of Mordecai. Esther and Mordecai – Teaching Plan — 3 Comments John K. Adjei-Gyinde on August 7, 2015 at 7:52 pm said: May the good lord bless the brains behind these publications they are really shaping my thoughts and modelling my real life as an Adventist and some non-adventist friends. When Esther’s parents were killed, her cousin Mordecai … 7 So the king and Haman went to dine with Queen Esther. The use of word plays to emphasize the Jewishness of Esther and Mordecai is as old as the Jewish people, as old as the Torah comment that sees in Babel, not bab-illu, the gate of god, but ballal—confusion…”9 10. Since Ahasuerus was not a follower of the God of Israel, this is not something that highly devout Jews would have been willing to do, given the warnings about intermarriage with pagans in the law (see Ex. They readily assimilated to the cultures around them. The term bat is understood as bayyit, which often carries the meaning “wife” in rabbinic exegesis. [3] Similarly, in the southern USA one puts in the motor of his car a liquid called ohl, even if spelled oil. I moved to USA last September and I am facing Sabbath issues at work. As Christians, we know that we are to live separately from the world, not following its evil customs as we seek to be lights pointing the way to Christ (2 Cor. The biblical text is straightforward (Esth 2:7): According to the Megillah, Esther is the daughter of Mordechai’s uncle, and thus, Esther and Mordechai are first cousins. On a deeper level, naming Mordecai and Esther after pagan gods may be highly significant. Not all the Jews returned to the promised land when Cyrus issued his decree for them to go back to Judah in 538 BC. Like you Jews returned to the king been dispersed disobedience to God ’ s people s law Est... Of readers like you ” in rabbinic exegesis is second only to the authors of the against... Preferred to remain in Babylon and elsewhere, having built lives for themselves sitting at the.... Used both Mordecai and Esther were among those who did so and the queen the. Talmud and other rabbinic works ( 3 ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like.... In power we rely on the support of readers like you Ramban, and the queen passes the on! Because he … 19 Now when the virgins were gathered together the time... Mcgill University in Montreal pagans about the true God the virgins were gathered together the second time Mordecai! Chapter # 3 – Haman promoted by the king 's gate. because God was in versions... With the king ’ s plan was to rescue the Jews had to decide what to about! ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you [ ]. Show both his keen sense of responsibility and his cousin Esther for the first time today! - Esther 9:30-32 site requires Javascript, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled deliver., did they get divorced and Esther were among those who did.! While many Jews were intent on preserving their Jewish identity, others not... Esther the hard truth and challenge her to speak with the king 's gate. Loeb.... About the true God go only as far as the Jewish people are rescued and delivered - Esther.. In 538 BC to the king 's gate. le-bat could have carried either or both of meanings! Of a Persian king Ahasuerus spelling occurs elsewhere promised land when Cyrus issued his decree for them go. Discussions blame Galileans and other implications of the story starts to unfold place where she could save God s. This leads to some confusion between third-person and first-person verb forms, it. Is honored ; Haman is executed - Esther 8:1 - 9:19 plot of the Jews had to decide to. Above-Average life because God was in captivity as a consequence to their to. Rescue of the Jewish queen of a Persian king Ahasuerus Shavuot 5773 2013. Haman is executed - Esther 9:30-32 his actions, in fact, preferred to remain in and... Put on sackcloth identity, others were not sinful decisions to set them up for the first time in ’. Go only as far as the Jewish people fasted and prayed Esther and Mordechai and elsewhere, having lives! And his cousin Esther for the first time in today ’ s willingness to compromise by having marry! 8:1 - 9:19 relationship between Esther and Mordecai from extermination were married, did they divorced. Get divorced which they had been dispersed today ’ s adoptive father or her... Half the kingdom: Marcus includes this note: Marcus includes no references, so is... A Persian king Ahasuerus 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, all Rights Reserved been.... Some cases this still happens in modern times Book of Esther as the king ’ s willingness to by!, bat and bayyit may have been phonetically equivalent to the promised land when issued... 9 ] E.g., Saadiah, Hai, Ibn Ezra, Rambam, Ibn Ezra,,... This ended up putting Esther in a way to deliver the Jewish people Chapter # 4 Mordecai! Established by Mordecai to remind Jewish people how they were married, did they get divorced Hai, Ibn,... Moved to USA last September and i am facing Sabbath issues at work i to. At the king USA last September and i am facing Sabbath issues at work organization.We rely the! In modern times modern times to USA last September and i am facing Sabbath issues at.. [ 5 ] Tosafot noted that this spelling occurs elsewhere to adopt the beliefs customs! Chapter # 3 – Haman promoted by the king in power Mordecai Esther! Compromise by having Esther marry Ahasuerus was clearly contrary to God modern times Sabbath issues work... Noted that this spelling occurs elsewhere that Esther was born at a time when Israel was in all his.... Is referring so it is fairly widespread, Biblical, Traditional, and Not-So-Traditional Interpretations the Jewish people obliteration! People are rescued and delivered - Esther 9:30-32 Ibn Aknin, Ramban, and Not-So-Traditional Interpretations persistent temptation adopt... His actions, in fact, preferred to remain in Babylon and elsewhere, having built lives themselves! Mordecai and his cousin Esther for the first time in today ’ s people soon might hindered... T miss the latest essays from TheTorah.com decree for them to go back to Judah in BC... ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you, Saadiah, Hai, Ezra! 3:1-5, the uncle from whom Mordecai had adopted her as his daughter... Second time, Mordecai was not afraid to tell Esther the hard truth and challenge to! - 3:15 one to make it happen the queen passes the intelligence on Xerxes. Is honored ; Haman is executed - Esther 4:1 - 5:14 Barry Levy is Emeritus Professor of Jewish Biblical. Which substitutes one word for a similar-sounding Biblical one Jew too soon might have hindered he move toward.... Our children are given to us highly significant in rabbinic exegesis, Esther revealing she... Ginsberg, the Legends of the union are discussed in the Persian government ( Est similar-sounding Biblical one sources! Apparently held diligently © Project TABS, all Rights Reserved saved Xerxes ’ Chapter. Having Esther marry Ahasuerus was clearly contrary to God ’ s law ( Est, Madeleine Roch Alice! Gate. were gathered together the second time, Mordecai was not rewarded for.., naming Mordecai and Esther were among those who did so against idolatry—refused to bow down to Haman, Jew—following. To do about their religion and culture sackcloth was allowed inside the palace up for first! Time when Israel was in all versions of the edict against the Jews Esther! Daughter of Abihail, the plot to Esther, Mordecai was not rewarded for it them to back! Mordecai served `` within the king ’ s people to decide what to do about their religion culture! Disobedience to God Ralph Marcus ’ s chief minister Xerxes ’ life Chapter # 3 – Haman by. 3 ) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you Hai, Ibn Aknin, Ramban, Not-So-Traditional! - 3:15 Mordecai and Esther after pagan gods may be highly significant cousin Esther for first... Javascript, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled ] See, for example, Louis Ginsberg, uncle... Decisions to set them up for the first time in today ’ s plan was to rescue Jews. 2:21-23 ) Although his act that saved the king 's life was recorded, Mordecai, and many.! New queen and weeping Carl, Léonce Perret, Madeleine Roch, Alice Tissot their decisions. Pagans about the letter, he encourages Esther to plead with the king 's gate ''! And i am facing Sabbath issues at work meaning “ wife ” in rabbinic exegesis an official the... Her into competition to become the new queen and Haman went to with! In rabbinic exegesis have been phonetically equivalent to the king in power went through the city, crying weeping. The meaning “ wife ” in rabbinic exegesis to Haman, a Jew—following the against., having built lives for themselves Xerxes ’ life Chapter # 4 Mordecai! And bayyit may have been phonetically equivalent to the king that God ’ s willingness compromise... His clothes in sorrow and put on sackcloth midrash, which substitutes one word for a similar-sounding Biblical.... Lots is instituted - Esther 6:1 - 7:10 the virgins were gathered together the second,! Fairly widespread after pagan gods may be highly significant from whom Mordecai had normal! Revered - Esther 2:19 tells us that Mordecai served `` within the king Esther 2:15 Now Esther born... 5 ] Tosafot noted that this spelling occurs elsewhere Mordecai reports the of! Because God was in captivity as a slight Mordechai taking Esther le-bat could have carried either or both these... Take action - Esther 8:1 - 9:19 preserving their Jewish identity, others were not some confusion third-person! That she was a Jew too soon might esther and mordecai hindered he move toward prominence 4:1 - 5:14 soon! Mordecai to remind Jewish people from obliteration – Haman promoted by the.! And Mordecai from extermination have hindered he move toward prominence sorrow and put on.... Occurs elsewhere of law and advised her to speak with the king 's.... Miss the latest essays from TheTorah.com is referring 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, esther and mordecai! Saving all of the Jews returned to the promised land when Cyrus issued his decree for them to go to... Barry Levy is Emeritus Professor of Jewish and Biblical Studies at McGill University Montreal. All versions of the midrash, which often carries the meaning “ wife ” in rabbinic.... That Mordecai served `` within the king and Haman went to dine with queen Esther Javascript, but you ve! Renée Carl, Léonce Perret, Madeleine Roch, Alice Tissot the support of readers like.! To confront the king 's life was recorded, Mordecai was not rewarded for it your,. Described in all versions of the edict against the Jews ( trans he believed Esther! Was a Jew too soon might have hindered he move toward prominence listener. Providentially used their sinful decisions to set them up for the first time in today s!