OKlibrary  0.2.1.6
general.hpp File Reference

Plans in general for categories in Maxima/Lisp. More...

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## Detailed Description

Plans in general for categories in Maxima/Lisp.

Todo:
Connections
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Basic notions
• There are the two representations, by pre-categories and by hom-sets.
• Sets are either implicitly or explicitly given, and their elements have a concrete representation or an abstract one (require an equality predicate). See "Abstract representation of structures" in ComputerAlgebra/Algebra/Lisp/plans/general.hpp.
• A "small category as precategory" is a triple [[obj,mor,d,c],compo,id] such that [obj,mor,d,c] is a precategory (compare "Graph concepts" in ComputerAlgebra/Graphs/Lisp/plans/Basic.hpp).
• A "large category as precategory" has obj, mor only implicitely given, and objects have an abstract representation, but morphisms have a concrete representation.
• While for a "extralarge category as precategory" the morphisms have an abstract representation.
• A "small category via homsets" is a quadruple [O,mor,compo,id]:
1. O is a (Maxima) set.
2. mor(x,y) for two objects x,y is a (Maxima) set.
3. compo(x,y,z) yields a binary function com(g,f), where f: x -> y and g: y -> z, which in turn produces a morphism from x -> z.
4. id(x) yields a morphism x -> x.
For a "large category via homsets" all sets are implicitly given, and objects have an abstract representation, but morphisms have a concrete representation.
• And for an "extralarge category via homsets" also morphisms have an abstract representation.
• It would be good if for the precategory-representation the homsets could be added, and for the homset-representation dom and cod.
• Instead of test-predicates we have "check-predicates", which for example for given composable morphisms check associativity and identity.
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Abbreviations
• "scat" for small categories via homsets, "lcat" and "elcat" for large resp. extralarge categories via homsets.
• "cat_p, lcat_p, elcat_p" for the precategory-versions.
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Concrete categories
• The category of sets, Csets_sm, is a large category via homsets, with set maps as morphisms.
• While Csets_mp is an extralarge category with maps as morphisms.
• "Cset2" denotes similarly the category of pair of sets.
• And "Csetp" has pointed sets as objects.
• Crel_sr is a large category with sets as objects, and set-relations as morphisms, while Crel_p uses binary predicates.
• For a "concrete category" over a given category, only the forgetful functor on the objects needs to be specified, while as morphisms we always use the ones in the given category, and only a selection criterion needs to be provided?
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Functors
• A functor is a pair of maps, where normally maps are functions (mp).
• So the category Cscat of small categories is a large category (via homsets), and Cscat_p is also a large category via homsets.
• Given a functor F, via obj(F) we obtain the object map, and via mor(F) we obtain the morphism map; but since functors are pairs, also F[1] and F[2] can be used.
• For small categories we might also consider maps as set-maps.
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Natural transformations
• Given functors F, G, a natural transformation eta: F -> G is a map, which takes objects X as arguments, and eta(X) is a morphism from F(X) to G(X).

Definition in file general.hpp.